How to keep your Beech Tree healthy

In this blog...

As experts in tree care and maintenance, we understand the unique beauty and significance that beech trees bring to any landscape.

However, just like any other tree, beech trees may encounter health issues and require specialised care to ensure their longevity and splendour.

In this blog we’ll provide some free tips to keep your preserve your beech tree and keep it looking healthy throughout the year.

Firstly – how do I identify if my tree is a beech tree?

Beech trees (Fagus genus) have distinct characteristics that set them apart from other trees. Below are some key signs to help you identify if you have a beech tree in your garden:

Leaf Characteristics

Beech trees are known for their unique leaves. The leaves are simple, alternate (arranged singly along the stem), and have a wavy or serrated edge. They are oblong or elliptical in shape, with prominent parallel veins running from the midrib to the leaf’s edge. The leaves have a glossy, dark green colour during the growing season, and they turn golden-brown or coppery in the fall before dropping.

beech tree leaves

Smooth Grey Bark

One of the distinguishing features of beech trees is their smooth, pale grey bark. The bark is relatively thin and remains smooth as the tree matures. In older beech trees, you may notice horizontal markings or lines on the bark caused by the growth of the tree over the years.

beech tree bark

Time of Year:

During the growing season in spring and summer, beech trees showcase their vibrant green foliage. In the fall, their leaves turn a beautiful golden-brown colour before dropping in preparation for winter.

Beech Nuts:

Beech trees produce nuts, known as beech nuts or mast, which are encased in spiky husks. The beech nuts are small, triangular or quadrangular in shape, and typically have two seeds inside. They fall from the tree in the autumn and are an essential food source for wildlife.

beech tree nuts

How to keep my beech tree looking healthy?

Keeping your beech tree healthy is important to ensure its longevity, beauty, and resilience to environmental stressors. Below are some practical and easy tips to help you maintain the health of your beech tree.

Regular Watering

Established beech trees typically have deep root systems that allow them to access water from the soil. However, during periods of extended drought, young or newly planted beech trees may need supplemental watering. Provide a slow, deep watering to the tree’s root zone during dry spells, especially in the growing seasons of spring and summer.


Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips or shredded bark, around the base of the beech tree. Mulching helps retain soil moisture, regulates soil temperature, and reduces competition from weeds. Be sure to leave a small gap around the trunk to prevent moisture build-up against the bark.

Proper Pruning

Pruning is an essential aspect of beech tree care. Regularly inspect the tree for dead, diseased, or damaged branches and promptly remove them. Additionally, consider light pruning to maintain the tree’s shape and encourage strong, healthy growth. Avoid heavy pruning that can stress the tree.

Preventing Soil Compaction

Avoid soil compaction around the tree’s root zone, as compacted soil can hinder root growth and nutrient uptake. Refrain from parking vehicles or heavy machinery under the tree’s canopy, and if possible avoid construction activities that may compact the soil.

Be mindful when performing garden work, and avoid hitting the tree with lawnmowers, trimmers, or other equipment.

When to call in the experts

While some tree care tasks can be handled with DIY methods, certain situations require the specialised knowledge, skills, and equipment of a professional beech tree surgeon.

Removal of Large Branches

If your beech tree requires pruning or the removal of large branches, especially those that are high up in the canopy, it’s best to leave this task to a professional tree surgeon. Climbing and working with large branches can be hazardous without proper training and safety equipment.

Beech Tree Removal

Removing a mature beech tree should always be performed by a qualified tree surgeon. Tree removal can be complex and dangerous, especially in residential areas where there may be nearby structures, power lines, or other trees. Tree surgeons like us will have the expertise to safely and efficiently remove the tree, taking necessary precautions to protect people and property.

Structural Problems

We can conduct a thorough structural assessment of your beech tree to identify potential weaknesses or hazards. This is especially important if your tree shows signs of leaning, has significant cavities, or exhibits other structural concerns.

If you’re concerned about your beech tree and require professional advice, get in contact with us today for a free tree surgery survey.

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